The vigilantes banish their last man

After the execution of Hetherington and Brace and the release of David Terry the following week there was little left to attract the attention of the vigilance committee or to keep the excitement of the community. Though the black list still received some consideration, the hunting down and expulsion of bad characters had become commonplace and was considered a matter of course. Up to July 5th, just prior to the latest executions, only 2 men had been hung, one committed suicide, eleven had been shipped out of state and four more had fled into the interior.

Pacific Mail Steamship SS Sonora

Pacific Mail Steamship SS Sonora

Then on July 5th six men, T. Cunningham, James Reuben Maloney, Alexander Purple, David Aldrich, Lewis Mahoney and Thomas Mulloy, were sent away on the Pacific Mail steamer John L. Stevens. On the same day Michael Brannagan, Christopher Lilly, John S. Musgrove, James Burke, John Cooney and Patrick J. Hickey were added to the list. They were all arrested and brought in within a few days. Most were shipped out of California either on the steamer Sonora or Golden Age by August 5th.

The Jenny Lind Theater

The Jenny Lind Theater

However some men on the black list managed to evade banishment. One example is that of Thomas McGuire, manager and proprietor of the Jenny Lind Theater. He had been put on the black list on June 9th and ordered to leave on the Panama steamer of July 5th, but on June 30th his sentence was extended and on July 7th extended again indefinitely. On August 13th a new order of banishment was issued but this was revoked the next day and McGuire was allowed to remain in California on his written promise to act the part of a good citizen.

The SS Golden Age

The SS Golden Age

Five men, John Bagley, James Cussick, James Hennessey, John S. Musgrove and James Thompson alias Liverpool Jack, managed to either hide from the committee or else they fled into the interior of the state to avoid a sentence of banishment. Notices were sent out that if they returned to San Francisco and boarded a Panama steamer they would not be hurt but of the six only Liverpool Jack accepted the invitation. He and a man named John Stevens, the last man banished by the Committee of Vigilance, sailed on September 5th on the steamer Golden Age.

 

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